Reinforced concrete has many material and structural merits for the proposed space station. Its cost-effectiveness depends on the availability of lunar materials. With such materials, only 1 percent or less of the mass of a concrete space structure would have to be transported from Earth.


Abrams, Mel S. 1973. Compressive Strength of Concrete at Temperatures to 1600�F. Research and Development Publication RDO16.01T. Skokie, Il: Construction Technology laboratories of the Portland Cement Association.

American Concrete Institute. 1983. Building Code Requirements for Reinforced Concrete. ACI318-83. Detroit.

Carter, James L. 1985. Lunar Regolith Fines: A Source of Hydrogen. In Lunar Bases and Space Activities of the 21st Century, ed. W. W. Mendell, 571-581. Houston: Lunar & Planetary Inst.

Chapman, Clark. 1984. News Review. The Planetary Report 4 (2-March/April): 16.

Davis, Hubert P. 1983. Lunar Oxygen Impact Upon STS Effectiveness. Report EEl 83-63. Houston: Eagle Engineering, Inc. May.

Hanna, Amir N. 1977. Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Properties and Resurfacing Applications. Research and Development Publication RDO49.01 P. Skokie, Il: Construction Technology laboratories of the Portland Cement Association.

Harmathy, T. Z. 1970. Thermal Properties of Concrete at Elevated Temperatures. J. Materials (coden JMLSA), vol. 5, no. 1 (March), pp. 47-74. American Soc. Testing Mater.

Heide, Fritz. 1964. Meteorites, p. 21. Phoenix Science Series. Univ. of Chicago Press.

Heppenheimer, T. A. 1977. Colonies in Space. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books.

Malhotra, V. M., and G. G. Carette. 1983. Silica Fume Concrete- Properties, Applications, and Limitations. Concrete International 5 (5): 40-46. Detroit: American Concrete Institute.

McCrone, Walter C., and J. G. Deily. 1973. The Particle Atlas. Vol. III, The Electron Microscopy Atlas. Ann Arbor Science Publishing, Inc.

Monfore, G. E., and A. E. Lentz. 1962. Physical Properties of Concrete at Very Low Temperatures. Research and Development Bulletin 145. Skokie, IL: Portland Cement Association.

NASA CP-2031. 1977. Summer Workshop on Near-Earth Resources.

Romualdi, J. P., and G. B. Batson. 1963. The Mechanics of Crack Arrest in Concrete. J. Engineering Mechanics Div. 89:147-168. American Soc. Civil Eng.

Subramanian, R. V., and H. F. Austin. 1978. Basalt Fibers. In Handbook of Fillers and Reinforcements for Plastics, 504-510. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.

Takashima, Saburo, and Fumio Amano. 1960. Some Studies on Lower Calcium Silicates in Portland Cement. In Review 74th Gen. Mtg. Cement Assn. of Japan. Published by Osaka Yogyo Cement Co., Ltd.


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