The Space Shuttle Decision: Abbreviations and Acronyms

by T. A. Heppenheimer

AACB Aeronautics and Astronautics
Coordinating Board (USAF-NASA)
AAF Army Air Forces
AAS American Astronautical Society
AB, A/B airbreathing
ABES Air Breathing Engine System (jet
engine)
ACPS attitude control propulsion
system
AEC Atomic Energy Commission
AFB Air Force Base
AFL-CIO American Federation of Labor-Congress
of Industrial Organizations
AFSC Air Force Systems Command
(USAF)
AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and
Astronautics
APU auxiliary propulsion unit
ARDC Air Research and Development Command
(USAF)
ASSET Aerothermodynamic/elastic Structural
Systems Environmental Tests
ATM Apollo Telescope Mount
(Skylab)
ATSC Air Technical Service Command
(USAF)
AT&T American Telephone and Telegraph
Company
BOB Bureau of the Budget
BTU British thermal unit
CASI Center for Aerospace
Information
CD certificate of deposit
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
deg degree
DOD Department of Defense
EC/LS environmental control/life
support
ENG engine
°F Fahrenheit degrees
F-1 rocket engine designation
FAA Federal Aviation Agency; after 1967,
Federal Aviation Administration
FDL Flight Dynamics Laboratory
(Wright-Patterson AFB)
ft foot
FWD forward
FY Fiscal Year
GD General Dynamics Corporation
GE General Electric Company
GLOW gross liftoff weight
He helium
HO hydrogen-oxygen
HQ headquarters
HS Haynes Stellite (a class of
superalloys)
IBM International Business Machines
Corporation
ICBM intercontinental ballistic
missile
IDA Institute for Defense Analyses
J-2 rocket engine designation
JFK John F. Kennedy
JP Jet Propellant (grade of jet
fuel)
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
K thousand
KISS Keep It Simple, Stupid
LACE liquid air cycle engine
LBJ Lyndon Baines Johnson
lb pound
LC launch complex (Cape
Canaveral)
L/D lift-to-drag ratio
LH, LH2 liquid hydrogen
LM Lunar Module (Apollo)
LN2 liquid nitrogen
LO2, LOX liquid oxygen
MIT Massachusetts Institute of
Technology
MOL Manned Orbiting Laboratory
MOM Manned Orbiting Module
MORL Manned Orbiting Research
Laboratory
M.P. Member of Parliament
MR mixture ratio (rocket
propellants)
MSC Manned Spacecraft Center
(NASA)
MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center
(NASA)
MW megawatts
NACA National Advisory Committee for
Aeronautics
NASA National Aeronautics and Space
Administration
NASC National Aeronautics and Space
Council
NERVA Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle
Application
NMI NASA Management Instruction
n.mi. nautical miles
NRO National Reconnaissance Office
NSC National Security Council
NSF National Science Foundation
NTOP New Technology Opportunities
Program
OEO Office of Economic Opportunity
OMB Office of Management and
Budget
OMS orbital maneuvering system
OMSF Office of Manned Space Flight
(NASA)
OSSA Office of Space Science and
Applications (NASA)
OST Office of Science and Technology
(White House)
OWS orbital workshop (Skylab)
PARD Pilotless Aircraft Research Division
(NACA-Langley)
PCG Planning Coordination Group (NASA
HQ)
PRIME Precision Recovery Including
Maneuvering Entry
PSAC President’s Science Advisory
Committee
PSG Planning Steering Group (NASA
HQ)
psi pounds per square inch
PTA Parent-Teacher Association
R and D research and development
RATO Rocket-Assisted Takeoff
RDT&E research, development, test and
engineering
RFP Request for Proposal
RL-10 rocket engine designation
ROMBUS Reusable Orbital Module, Booster, and
Utility Shuttle
RP Rocket Propellant (rocket-grade
kerosene)
rpm revolutions per minute
SAB Scientific Advisory Board
(USAF)
SCLC Southern Christian Leadership
Conference
sec second
SHHDC Shuttle History Historical Documents
Collection (NASA-MSFC)
S-IC first stage of the Saturn V
S-II second stage of the Saturn V
S-IVB third stage of the Saturn V
SNECMA Societe National d’Etude et de
Construction de la Moteurs d’Aviation (France)
SP Special Publication (NASA)
SRM solid rocket motor
SSD Space Systems Division (USAF)
SSME Space Shuttle Main Engine
SST supersonic transport
STAC Science and Technology Advisory
Committee (NASA HQ)
STG Space Task Group
TAHO Thrust Assisted
Hydrogen-Oxygen
TAOS Thrust Assisted Orbiter
Shuttle
TEMPO Technical Military Planning Operation
(GE)
TPS thermal protection system
TRW Thompson Ramo Wooldridge,
Incorporated
TVC thrust vector control
TWA Trans World Airlines
U.S. United States
USAF United States Air Force
USS United States Ship (Navy)
VAB Vehicle Assembly Building (Kennedy
Space Center)
v.p. vice president
wt weight
XLR Experimental Liquid Rocket

Table of Contents
Chapter 1

 

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