The Space Shuttle Decision: Abbreviations and Acronyms

by T. A. Heppenheimer

AACB Aeronautics and Astronautics
Coordinating Board (USAF-NASA)
AAF Army Air Forces
AAS American Astronautical Society
AB, A/B airbreathing
ABES Air Breathing Engine System (jet
ACPS attitude control propulsion
AEC Atomic Energy Commission
AFB Air Force Base
AFL-CIO American Federation of Labor-Congress
of Industrial Organizations
AFSC Air Force Systems Command
AIAA American Institute of Aeronautics and
APU auxiliary propulsion unit
ARDC Air Research and Development Command
ASSET Aerothermodynamic/elastic Structural
Systems Environmental Tests
ATM Apollo Telescope Mount
ATSC Air Technical Service Command
AT&T American Telephone and Telegraph
BOB Bureau of the Budget
BTU British thermal unit
CASI Center for Aerospace
CD certificate of deposit
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
deg degree
DOD Department of Defense
EC/LS environmental control/life
ENG engine
°F Fahrenheit degrees
F-1 rocket engine designation
FAA Federal Aviation Agency; after 1967,
Federal Aviation Administration
FDL Flight Dynamics Laboratory
(Wright-Patterson AFB)
ft foot
FWD forward
FY Fiscal Year
GD General Dynamics Corporation
GE General Electric Company
GLOW gross liftoff weight
He helium
HO hydrogen-oxygen
HQ headquarters
HS Haynes Stellite (a class of
IBM International Business Machines
ICBM intercontinental ballistic
IDA Institute for Defense Analyses
J-2 rocket engine designation
JFK John F. Kennedy
JP Jet Propellant (grade of jet
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
K thousand
KISS Keep It Simple, Stupid
LACE liquid air cycle engine
LBJ Lyndon Baines Johnson
lb pound
LC launch complex (Cape
L/D lift-to-drag ratio
LH, LH2 liquid hydrogen
LM Lunar Module (Apollo)
LN2 liquid nitrogen
LO2, LOX liquid oxygen
MIT Massachusetts Institute of
MOL Manned Orbiting Laboratory
MOM Manned Orbiting Module
MORL Manned Orbiting Research
M.P. Member of Parliament
MR mixture ratio (rocket
MSC Manned Spacecraft Center
MSFC Marshall Space Flight Center
MW megawatts
NACA National Advisory Committee for
NASA National Aeronautics and Space
NASC National Aeronautics and Space
NERVA Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle
NMI NASA Management Instruction
n.mi. nautical miles
NRO National Reconnaissance Office
NSC National Security Council
NSF National Science Foundation
NTOP New Technology Opportunities
OEO Office of Economic Opportunity
OMB Office of Management and
OMS orbital maneuvering system
OMSF Office of Manned Space Flight
OSSA Office of Space Science and
Applications (NASA)
OST Office of Science and Technology
(White House)
OWS orbital workshop (Skylab)
PARD Pilotless Aircraft Research Division
PCG Planning Coordination Group (NASA
PRIME Precision Recovery Including
Maneuvering Entry
PSAC President’s Science Advisory
PSG Planning Steering Group (NASA
psi pounds per square inch
PTA Parent-Teacher Association
R and D research and development
RATO Rocket-Assisted Takeoff
RDT&E research, development, test and
RFP Request for Proposal
RL-10 rocket engine designation
ROMBUS Reusable Orbital Module, Booster, and
Utility Shuttle
RP Rocket Propellant (rocket-grade
rpm revolutions per minute
SAB Scientific Advisory Board
SCLC Southern Christian Leadership
sec second
SHHDC Shuttle History Historical Documents
Collection (NASA-MSFC)
S-IC first stage of the Saturn V
S-II second stage of the Saturn V
S-IVB third stage of the Saturn V
SNECMA Societe National d’Etude et de
Construction de la Moteurs d’Aviation (France)
SP Special Publication (NASA)
SRM solid rocket motor
SSD Space Systems Division (USAF)
SSME Space Shuttle Main Engine
SST supersonic transport
STAC Science and Technology Advisory
Committee (NASA HQ)
STG Space Task Group
TAHO Thrust Assisted
TAOS Thrust Assisted Orbiter
TEMPO Technical Military Planning Operation
TPS thermal protection system
TRW Thompson Ramo Wooldridge,
TVC thrust vector control
TWA Trans World Airlines
U.S. United States
USAF United States Air Force
USS United States Ship (Navy)
VAB Vehicle Assembly Building (Kennedy
Space Center)
v.p. vice president
wt weight
XLR Experimental Liquid Rocket

Table of Contents
Chapter 1

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